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Literacy Online. Every child literate - a shared responsibility.
Ministry of Education.

Learning the code

Literacy learners need to learn the “code” of written language. This means developing the ability to decode and encode written forms of language. The focus is on the conventions of written language and the skills required to read and write letters, words, and text.

Effective teachers develop students’ awareness of sounds and words and encourage them to apply this knowledge to their reading and writing. The Ready to Read texts for beginning readers have a carefully controlled gradient of difficulty to support this learning.

Sound Sense (PDF 587KB) provides detailed information about supporting students to develop phonological awareness and phonics knowledge. It includes many examples of classroom practice, featuring the use of the Ready to Read poem cards.

High-frequency words

Quick recognition of high-frequency words enables students to read more fluently and to concentrate on strategies for reading and comprehending increasingly challenging material. Having a solid bank of high-frequency words also supports students in their writing, making it easier for them to get their ideas onto paper or screen.

Students aren’t expected to be able to write all the words that they can read. A students’ reading vocabulary increases more rapidly than their writing vocabulary.

Published on: 15 Sep 2017