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Literacy Online. Every child literate - a shared responsibility.
Ministry of Education.

Connections between reading and writing

When students write, they build on and extend the literacy learning that they need to be successful readers. They transfer their growing understandings from their reading to their writing and vice versa.

Writing supports students to learn to read by providing opportunities to:

  • highlight letter forms, letter sequences, and letter clusters
  • switch between different levels of information in the print – letters build up into words, words into phrases, phrases into sentences, and sentences into paragraphs in a text
  • use their reading knowledge to build understanding of writing, for example, articulating their writing to identify the individual sounds and then relate these to letters that they recognise
  • self-monitor their writing by using writing strategies that reinforce similar reading strategies.

Teachers can draw on the reciprocal nature of reading and writing to help students strengthen their knowledge and skills. When students are writing, encourage them to articulate words slowly. Use prompts that encourage them to notice what they already know from their reading.

Making connections during reading

During guided reading sessions, consolidate the students’ learning by prompting them to use what they know from their writing. For example:

  • Prompt beginning readers to notice full stops and draw on their knowledge of what a sentence is.
  • Point out words that have the same spelling pattern as words they are learning to write or help them make connections to words or ideas that are the same as those in a class language experience text.
  • Help more advanced readers to notice aspects such as the use of paragraphs within a text or different ways of starting sentences.

When the students come across unfamiliar words in their reading, use prompts that encourage them to think about what they already know about visual information.

Making connections during writing

Ready to Read texts can be used as motivation or examples for writing. For example, you could incorporate memorable language from shared and guided reading texts into shared writing and encourage students to do the same in their own writing.

The teacher support materials include examples of the links between reading and writing.

Background information

  • Effective Literacy Practice in Years 1 to 4 provides information about writing strategies and developing awareness as a reader and writer (pages 41–44), approaches to writing (pages 102–109), the reciprocal nature of reading and writing (page 113), and creating texts (pages 136–149).

Updated on: 20 Nov 2014