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Ministry of Education.

Annotated exemplar: History

This annotated exemplar helps teachers to support the literacy and language learning of students in history. To view other exemplars for biology, mathematics and statistics, technology, and physical education click here.

The annotations are made under the headings of Structure, Ideas and Information, Audience and Purpose, Language, and Accuracy. Hover over each of these headings below and click to read the annotations. To increase the size of the text, use the Ctrl + keys on your keyboard.

Curriculum:  Level 7

Students will gain knowledge, skills and experience to:

  • understand how historical forces and movements have influenced the causes and consequences of events of significance to New Zealanders
  • understand how people’s interpretations of events that are of significance to new Zealanders differ.

Secondary literacy exemplars teaching and learning responses: these notes provide assistance in supporting students to develop their writing at this level.

About the exemplar

This is an example from a 2012 external assessment essay task - Achievement Standard 91233: Examine causes and consequences of a significant historical event that had an impact on the lives of a significant number of people.

Exemplar annotation History Level 2 AS 91233 (PDF 298KB)

Teaching and learning in relation to literacy and language demands in writing

Students will need to use writing to explain events, theories, beliefs, and opinions relevant to curriculum tasks.  They will need to use planning strategies according to the purpose of the task, incorporate specialized vocabulary when writing, and structure their response according to purpose and audience. Students will also need to edit and proofread their text to check meaning, accuracy, legibility, and conformity to the expected standard.

Published on: 09 May 2016

Related links

Literacy in the Learning Areas: resources to support literacy learning in the context of each learning area.

Literacy in Secondary School Contexts:  Assists secondary teachers to incorporate subject area literacy teaching and learning into their programmes of work.

ESOL Online Teaching Strategies: Strategies to support English Language Learners.

Assessment Resource Bank (NZCER) - Language of science: specialised language

Assessment Resource Bank (NZCER) Mathematics: types of data – statistics and the statistical inquiry cycle.

Literacy Learning Progressions: describe the specific literacy and language knowledge, skills, and attitudes students require in order to meet the curriculum reading and writing demands.