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Ministry of Education.

Support and strategies for years 5-8

Approaches to teaching writing

Effective Literacy Practice in Years 5–8: Approaches to teaching writing: this resource identifies and describes the features of a range of writing approaches needed to help students in years 5–8 develop the knowledge strategies and awareness required to become effective writers. This includes:

  • Grouping for writing
  • Shared writing
  • Guided writing
  • Independent writing

Developing readers' comprehension strategies

Students need to develop a repertoire of strategies that they can select from purposefully and independently to build and enhance their understanding of text and to extend their critical awareness.

Effective Literacy Practice in Years 5 to 8, p. 141

We need to explicitly teach individual comprehension strategies within the context of purposeful reading but also develop students’ awareness of how these strategies are used in increasingly complex combinations as they read more complex texts.

Resources in years 5–8

  • Working with Comprehension Strategies Chapter 5: from Teaching Reading Comprehension (Davis, 2007): gives comprehensive guidance for explicit strategy instruction in years 4–8.
  • Comprehension Strategies: Engaging Learners with Texts from Effective Literacy Practice in Years 5 to 8: provides guidance in how to refine and apply the following comprehension strategies as students engage with increasingly challenging texts. This includes:
    • making connections
    • forming and testing hypotheses about texts
    • asking questions
    • creating mental images or visualising
    • inferring
    • identifying the writer's purpose and point of view
    • identifying the main idea
    • summarising
    • analysing and synthesising ideas
    • evaluating ideas and information

Resources in years 9–13

  • Preparing for Reading Chapter 3 and: Reading for deep understanding Chapter 4 from Effective Literacy Strategies in Years 9 to 13A Guide for Teachers: informs instruction for developing and refining students' comprehension strategies. This resource is part of a professional learning programme for secondary school teachers.

Supporting the writing process

  • Effective Literacy Practice in Years 5–8: Creating texts: This resource identifies the processes and strategies and provides some examples of "What learners do" and "How teachers can prompt and support learners" at various stages of the writing process. This includes:
    • Processes and strategies for writing
    • Forming intentions for writing
    • Crafting or composing a text
    • Reflecting on, recrafting, and presenting text

Published on: 21 Mar 2016